tar(1) - The GNU version of the tar archiving utility
tar [-] A --catenate --concatenate | c --create | d --diff --compare | --delete | r --append | t --list |
    --test-label | u --update | x --extract --get [options] [pathname ...]
-A, --catenate, --concatenate
      append tar files to an archive
-c, --create
      create a new archive
-d, --diff, --compare
      find differences between archive and file system
      delete from the archive (not on mag tapes!)
-r, --append
      append files to the end of an archive
-t, --list
      list the contents of an archive
      test the archive volume label and exit
-u, --update
      only append files newer than copy in archive
-x, --extract, --get
      extract files from an archive
-a, --auto-compress
      use archive suffix to determine the compression program
      add given FILE to the archive (useful if its name starts with a dash)
      patterns match file name start
      patterns match after any `/' (default for exclusion)
      preserve access times on dumped files, either by restoring the times
      do not use archive suffix to determine the compression program
-b, --blocking-factor BLOCKS
      BLOCKS x 512 bytes per record
-B, --read-full-records
      reblock as we read (for 4.2BSD pipes)
      backup before removal, choose version CONTROL
-C, --directory DIR
      change to directory DIR
      check device numbers when creating incremental archives (default)
      do not check device numbers when creating incremental archives
      display progress messages every NUMBERth record (default 10)
      execute ACTION on each checkpoint
      delay setting modification times and permissions of extracted
      cancel the effect of --delay-directory-restore option
      exclude files, given as a PATTERN
      exclude backup and lock files
      exclude contents of directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG,
      exclude directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG
      exclude everything under directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG
      exclude contents of directories containing FILE, except
      exclude directories containing FILE
      exclude everything under directories containing FILE
      exclude version control system directories
-f, --file ARCHIVE
      use archive file or device ARCHIVE
-F, --info-script, --new-volume-script NAME
      run script at end of each tape (implies -M)
      archive file is local even if it has a colon
      print file time to its full resolution
-g, --listed-incremental FILE
      handle new GNU-format incremental backup
-G, --incremental
      handle old GNU-format incremental backup
      force NAME as group for added files
-h, --dereference
      follow symlinks; archive and dump the files they point to
-H, --format FORMAT
      create archive of the given formatFORMAT is one of the following:
      GNU tar 1.13.x format
      GNU format as per tar <= 1.12
      POSIX 1003.1-2001 (pax) format
      same as pax
      POSIX 1003.1-1988 (ustar) format
      old V7 tar format
      follow hard links; archive and dump the files they refer to
-i, --ignore-zeros
      ignore zeroed blocks in archive (means EOF)
-I, --use-compress-program PROG
      filter through PROG (must accept -d)
      ignore case
      case sensitive matching (default)
      ignore exit codes of children
      treat non-zero exit codes of children as error
      do not exit with nonzero on unreadable files
      send verbose output to FILE
-j, --bzip2
-J, --xz
-k, --keep-old-files
      don't replace existing files when extracting
-K, --starting-file MEMBER-NAME
      begin at member MEMBER-NAME in the archive
      don't replace existing files that are newer than their archive copies
-l, --check-links
      print a message if not all links are dumped
-L, --tape-length NUMBER
      change tape after writing NUMBER x 1024 bytes
      dump level for created listed-incremental archive
-m, --touch
      don't extract file modified time
-M, --multi-volume
      create/list/extract multi-volume archive
      force (symbolic) mode CHANGES for added files
      set mtime for added files from DATE-OR-FILE
-n, --seek
      archive is seekable
-N, --newer, --after-date DATE-OR-FILE
      only store files newer than DATE-OR-FILE
      compare date and time when data changed only
      -T reads null-terminated names, disable -C
      disable the effect of the previous --null option
      always use numbers for user/group names
-O, --to-stdout
      extract files to standard output
      process only the NUMBERth occurrence of each file in the archive;
--old-archive, --portability
      same as --format=v7
      stay in local file system when creating archive
      overwrite existing files when extracting
      overwrite metadata of existing directories when extracting (default)
      preserve metadata of existing directories
      force NAME as owner for added files
-p, --preserve-permissions, --same-permissions
      extract information about file permissions (default for superuser)
-P, --absolute-names
      don't strip leading `/'s from file names
      control pax keywords
      same as --format=posix
      same as both -p and -s
      additionally quote characters from STRING
      disable quoting for characters from STRING
      set name quoting style; see below for valid STYLE values
-R, --block-number
      show block number within archive with each message
      NUMBER of bytes per record, multiple of 512
      recurse into directories (default)
      avoid descending automatically in directories
      empty hierarchies prior to extracting directory
      remove files after adding them to the archive
      disable use of some potentially harmful options
      use given rmt COMMAND instead of rmt
      use remote COMMAND instead of rsh
-s, --preserve-order, --same-order
      sort names to extract to match archive
-S, --sparse
      handle sparse files efficiently
      try extracting files with the same ownership as exists in the archive (default for superuser)
      extract files as yourself (default for ordinary users)
      apply the user's umask when extracting permissions from the archive (default for ordinary users)
      archive is not seekable
      show tar defaults
      when listing or extracting, list each directory that does not match search criteria
--show-transformed-names, --show-stored-names
      show file or archive names after transformation
      set version of the sparse format to use (implies --sparse)
      strip NUMBER leading components from file names on extraction
      backup before removal, override usual suffix ('~' unless overridden by environment variable
-T, --files-from FILE
      get names to extract or create from FILE
      pipe extracted files to another program
      print total bytes after processing the archive;
--transform, --xform EXPRESSION
      use sed replace EXPRESSION to transform file names
-U, --unlink-first
      remove each file prior to extracting over it
      unquote filenames read with -T (default)
      do not unquote filenames read with -T
      print file modification times in UTC
-v, --verbose
      verbosely list files processed
-V, --label TEXT
      create archive with volume name TEXT; at list/extract time, use TEXT as a globbing pattern for volume
      use/update the volume number in FILE
-w, --interactive, --confirmation
      ask for confirmation for every action
-W, --verify
      attempt to verify the archive after writing it
      warning control
      use wildcards (default for exclusion)
      wildcards match `/' (default for exclusion)
      wildcards do not match `/'
      verbatim string matching
-X, --exclude-from FILE
      exclude patterns listed in FILE
-z, --gzip, --gunzip --ungzip
-Z, --compress, --uncompress